I. General Objectives
A 36-month action starting June 2015, funded by the European Union and Co-funded by United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs-UNODA in Support of Physical Security and Stockpile Management (PSSM) Activities to Reduce the Risk of Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and their Ammunitions in the Sahel Region UNREC-project on PSSM in the Sahel.
II. Benefiary Countries
Burkina Faso Chad Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria
III. Expected Outcomes
- Adequate legislative and administrative norms on physical security and stockpile management of SALW (PSSM);
- Improved physical security and stockpile management of SALW through enhancement of storage sites;
- Reduced risk of diversion and accidental explosions of surplus, obsolete and illicit SALW and ammunition by destroying them;
- Improved marking, tracing and record keeping of SALW;
- Strengthened regional cooperation and information-sharing;
- Identification of the possible use of new technologies in PSSM;
- Enhance national capacity and ownership of PSSM in the beneficiary countries;
- Further understanding of the contribution of PSSM to regional stability;
- Contribute to reducing the risk of regional destabilization, which may be caused by excessive accumulation of SALW and their ammunition or the diversion of SALW to non-state actors, including terrorist groups.
IV. Specific Objectives
A. Awareness-Raising and Sensitisation
To generate the necessary understanding and ownership amongst the beneficiary countries for the enhancement of PSSM procedures and promote regional cooperation and knowledge sharing.
1.Wilton Park Conference
Convene the 6 regional beneficiary countries, neighbors and regional organizations to discuss and review the impact of unsecured stockpiles on weapon-security in the Sahel and to develop strategies to prevent the diversion of and illicit trafficking government –owned SALW and their ammunition by improving PSSM. Attendance included representatives from neighboring countries in the region as well as ECOWAS, ECCAS, AU. More information
2. series of six National Consultations
To bring together national actors at legislative, policy, agency and operational levels and civil society to review PSSM in the state sector and propose measures for more effective management and identify pilot sites for direct technical assistance at both the hardware and software perspectives.
B. PSSM Legislation
To support the beneficiary countries to develop of up-to-date legislative and administrative PSSM norms.
1. Review of legislation and administrative procedures and consultations on PSSM
2. Conduct of a desk review to assess all existing PSSM-related legislation and administrative procedures in the six beneficiary countries;
3. Holding of national workshops to assist relevant authorities in reviewing their respective national legislation and administrative procedures, to ensure that international legal obligations and international technical standards, especially the ISACS and IATG, are incorporated into the national regulatory framework. National consultation workshops have already taken place in Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria and Chad;
4. Compilation of six country reports on the existing legislative and administrative framework on PSSM in each of the beneficiary States, including recommendations to close gaps with international disarmament instruments;
5. Holding of a regional consultation workshop in Lomé with a view to exchanging information on the national findings and sharing experience and best practices, on the basis of the assessment at the national level.
C.Physical Security and Stockpile Management–PSSM
To support directly the implementation of activities of inventory management, in particular by the rehabilitation of installations of storage, the destruction of the positive (surplus), obsolete or illicit ALPC is the experiment of new technologies.
1. Identify the priority SALW storage facilities to serve as pilot sites taking-into account national priorities;
2. Strengthen the capacities of the actors working within the framework of securing of national SALW stockpile and their ammunitions;
3. Rehabilitate SALW storage facilities;
4. Assist national authorities in the destruction of surplus and obsolete SALW and their ammunitions;
5. Pilot the possible use of new technologies (video surveillance etc.), in securing SALW and their ammunitions;
6. Assist the national authorities, in the harmonization of their SALW operational procedures incorporating the integration of the international technical ISACS and IATG standard;
7. Assist the national authorities for the update of databases; and in the operations of marking, recording of the ALPC, in conformity with the international technical standards.